Wülfingite ($\epsilon$–Zn(OH)2, $C31$) Structure : A2B2C_oP20_19_2a_2a_a

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : H2O2Zn
AFLOW prototype label : A2B2C_oP20_19_2a_2a_a
Strukturbericht designation : $C31$
Pearson symbol : oP20
Space group number : 19
Space group symbol : $P2_{1}2_{1}2_{1}$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A2B2C_oP20_19_2a_2a_a
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$x_{1}$,$y_{1}$,$z_{1}$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$


Other compounds with this structure

  • $\beta$–Be(OH)2

  • (Corey, 1933) originally determined the structure of $\epsilon$–Zn(OH)2, but they were unable to locate the hydrogen atoms. This structure was given the Strukturbericht designation $C31$ by (Gottfried, 1937). (Stahl, 1998) located the hydrogen atoms, and found that they did not change the space group, so we use the updated structure as our $C31$ prototype.

Simple Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & -x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{H II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Zn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Zn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Zn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Zn} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • R. B. Corey and R. W. G. Wyckoff, The crystal structure of Zinc Hydroxide, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials 86, 8–18 (1933), doi:10.1524/zkri.1933.86.1.8.
  • C. Gottfried and F. Schossberger, eds., Strukturbericht Band III 1933–1935 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Found in

  • R. T. Downs and M. Hall–Wallace, The American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database, Am. Mineral. 88, 247–250 (2003).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A2B2C_oP20_19_2a_2a_a --params=

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