Azurite [Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2, $G7_{4}$] Structure : A2B3C2D8_mP30_14_e_ce_e_4e

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : C2Cu3H2O8
AFLOW prototype label : A2B3C2D8_mP30_14_e_ce_e_4e
Strukturbericht designation : $G7_{4}$
Pearson symbol : mP30
Space group number : 14
Space group symbol : $P2_{1}/c$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A2B3C2D8_mP30_14_e_ce_e_4e
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$\beta$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$,$x_{6}$,$y_{6}$,$z_{6}$,$x_{7}$,$y_{7}$,$z_{7}$,$x_{8}$,$y_{8}$,$z_{8}$


  • (Rule, 2011) actually present two possible structures for azurite: the current structure, with space group $P2_1/c$ #14, which is identical to the structure designated $G7_{4}$ by (Hermann, 1937), except that the OH radical is now separated into the O(IV) and H atom sites; and a structure with the same unit cell dimensions but without an inversion site, leading to space group $P2_1$ #4. The actual difference between the two structures is extremely small, and we choose to use the traditional structure.
  • Structural information was taken from powder diffraction data at 1.28 K.

Simple Monoclinic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + c \sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(2c\right) & \mbox{Cu I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} & \left(2c\right) & \mbox{Cu I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{2}a+z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{C} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{2}a - z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{C} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{2}a-z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{C} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{2}a + z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{C} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{3}a+z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cu II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{3}a - z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cu II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{3}a-z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cu II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{3}a + z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cu II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{4}a+z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{4}a - z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}a-z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{4}a + z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{5}a+z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{5}a - z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{5}a-z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{5}a + z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{6}a+z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & -x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{6}a - z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{6}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{21} & = & -x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{6}a-z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{22} & = & x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{6}a + z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{6}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{23} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{7}a+z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{24} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{7}a - z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{25} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{7}a-z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{26} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{7}a + z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{27} & = & x_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{8}a+z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{8}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{28} & = & -x_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{8}a - z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{8}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{8}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{29} & = & -x_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{8}a-z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{8}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{30} & = & x_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{8}a + z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{8}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{8}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • K. C. Rule, M. Reehuis, M. C. R. Gibson, B. Ouladdiaf, M. J. Gutmann, J.–U. Hoffmann, S. Gerischer, D. A. Tennant, S. Süllow, and M. Lang, Magnetic and crystal structure of azurite Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2 as determined by neutron diffraction, Phys. Rev. B 83, 104401 (2011), doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104401.
  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A2B3C2D8_mP30_14_e_ce_e_4e --params=

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