Ca2RuO4 Structure : A2B4C_oP28_61_c_2c_a

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : Ca2O4Ru
AFLOW prototype label : A2B4C_oP28_61_c_2c_a
Strukturbericht designation : None
Pearson symbol : oP28
Space group number : 61
Space group symbol : $Pbca$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A2B4C_oP28_61_c_2c_a
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$


Other compounds with this structure

  • Ca2–xSrxRuO4

  • (Friedt, 2001) never give the positions of the ruthenium atoms in this structure, however the composition of the crystal dictates that they can only be at the ($4a$) or ($4b$) Wyckoff positions, and the Ru–O distances given are consistent with the ($4a$) site.
  • The authors identify a low temperature "$S–Pbca$" phase and a high temperature "$L–Pbca$" phase, with a phase transition in the range 350–400 K. The major difference between the two phases is a 4% elongation of the $c$ axis in the $L–Pbca$ phase, accompanied by a 4.5% contraction along the $b$ axis, with the $a$ axis being substantially unchanged. There is also a substantial change in the tilt of the oxygen octahedra surrounding the Ru atoms. Here we show the crystal in the $S–Pbca$ phase using data taken at 180 K.
  • (Bertinshaw, 2019) identify $S* and $L* phases that have the same symmetry but stabilized by the application of an electric current.

Simple Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Ru} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Ru} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Ru} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Ru} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{21} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{22} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{23} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{24} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{25} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{26} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{27} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{28} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8c\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • O. Friedt, M. Braden, G. André, P. Adelmann, S. Nakatsuji, and Y. Maeno, Structural and magnetic aspects of the metal–insulator transition in Ca2–xSrxRuO4, Phys. Rev. B 63, 174432 (2001), doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.63.174432.

Found in

  • J. Bertinshaw, N. Gurung, P. Jorba, H. Liu, M. Schmid, D. T. Mantadakis, M. Daghofer, M. Krautloher, A. Jain, G. H. Ryu, O. Fabelo, P. Hansmann, G. Khaliullin, C. Pfleiderer, B. Keimer, and B. J. Kim, Unique Crystal Structure of Ca2RuO4 in the Current Stabilized Semimetallic State, Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 137204 (2019), doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.137204.

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A2B4C_oP28_61_c_2c_a --params=

Species:

Running:

Output: