K2SnCl4·H2O ($E3_{5}$) Structure : A4BC2D_oP32_62_2cd_b_2c_a

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : Cl4(H2O)K2Sn
AFLOW prototype label : A4BC2D_oP32_62_2cd_b_2c_a
Strukturbericht designation : $E3_{5}$
Pearson symbol : oP32
Space group number : 62
Space group symbol : $Pnma$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A4BC2D_oP32_62_2cd_b_2c_a
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$x_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$z_{5}$,$x_{6}$,$z_{6}$,$x_{7}$,$y_{7}$,$z_{7}$


  • This is the structure listed in (Hermann, 1939) as the $E3_{5}$ structure.
  • (Kamenar, 1962) proposed a somewhat different version of the structure for this crystal. We have no clear indication as to which structure is correct.
  • The positions of the hydrogen atoms in the water molecules were not determined, so we only give the positions of the oxygen atoms (labeled as H2O).
  • (Brasseur, 1939) gives the crystal structure and atomic positions in the $Pbnm$ setting of space group #62. We have used FINDSYM to show the structure in the standard $Pnma$ setting.
  • (Hermann, 1939) gives incorrect values for the Wyckoff positions of the Cl III atoms. The correct coordinates are ($x_{\mathrm{Cl III}} = 0.79$, $y_{\mathrm{Cl III}} = + 0.05$).

Simple Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Sn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Sn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Sn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Sn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{21} & = & x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{6}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{6}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{22} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{6}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{23} & = & -x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{6}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{6}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{24} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{6}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{6}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{K II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{25} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{7}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{7}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{26} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{7}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{27} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{7}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{7}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{28} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{7}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{7}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{29} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{7}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{7}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{30} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{7}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{7}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{31} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{7}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{7}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{32} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{7}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • H. Brasseur and A. de Rassenfosse, The Crystal Structure of Hydrated Potassium Chlorostannite, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials 101, 389–395 (1939), doi:10.1524/zkri.1939.101.1.389.
  • B. Kamenar and D. Grdenić, The crystal structure of potassium chloride trichlorostannite hydrate, KCl, KSnCl3, H2O, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 24, 1039–1045 (1962), doi:10.1016/0022-1902(62)80247-4.

Found in

  • K. Herrmann, ed., Strukturbericht Band VII 1939 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1943).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A4BC2D_oP32_62_2cd_b_2c_a --params=

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