KICl4·H2O ($H0_{10}$) Structure : A4BCD_mP28_14_4e_e_e_e

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : Cl4IK · H2O
AFLOW prototype label : A4BCD_mP28_14_4e_e_e_e
Strukturbericht designation : $H0_{10}$
Pearson symbol : mP28
Space group number : 14
Space group symbol : $P2_{1}/c$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A4BCD_mP28_14_4e_e_e_e
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$\beta$,$x_{1}$,$y_{1}$,$z_{1}$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$,$x_{6}$,$y_{6}$,$z_{6}$,$x_{7}$,$y_{7}$,$z_{7}$


  • The structure of KICl4 was originally determined by (Mooney, 1938) and assigned Strukturbericht designation $H0_{10}$ by (Herrmann, 1941). During Mooney's structure determination of KIC14 · H2O it was not realized that the crystals contain water of crystallization. (Elema, 1963) The correct structure is essentially the same as Mooney's with water molecules added into the vacancies, and we use KICl4 · H2O as our prototype for $H0_{10}$. To return to Mooney's structure, remove the water molecules, but of course this will not be a stable structure.
  • The Wyckoff positions given by both (Mooney, 1938) and (Elema, 1963) are in the $P2_1/n$ setting of space group #14. We have used FINDSYM to translate this to the standard $P2_1/c$ setting.

Simple Monoclinic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + c \sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{1}a+z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & -x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{1}a - z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{1}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & -x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{1}a-z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{1}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{1}a + z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{2}a+z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{2}a - z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{2}a-z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{2}a + z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{3}a+z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{3}a - z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{3}a-z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{3}a + z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{4}a+z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{4}a - z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}a-z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{4}a + z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Cl IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{5}a+z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{5}a - z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{5}a-z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{5}a + z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{21} & = & x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{6}a+z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{22} & = & -x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{6}a - z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{6}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{23} & = & -x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{6}a-z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{24} & = & x_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{6}a + z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{6}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{25} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{7}a+z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{K} \\ \mathbf{B}_{26} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{7}a - z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{K} \\ \mathbf{B}_{27} & = & -x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{7}a-z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{K} \\ \mathbf{B}_{28} & = & x_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{7}a + z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{7}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{K} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • R. J. Elema, J. L. de Boer, and A. Vos, The refinement of the crystal structure of KICl4 · H2O, Acta Cryst. 16, 243–247 (1963), doi:10.1107/S0365110X63000682.
  • R. C. L. Mooney, The Configuration of a Penthalogen Anion Group from the X–ray Structure Determination of Potassium Tetra–Chloriodide Crystals, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials 98, 377–393 (1938), doi:10.1524/zkri.1938.98.1.377.
  • K. Herrmann, ed., Strukturbericht Band VI 1938 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1941).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A4BCD_mP28_14_4e_e_e_e --params=

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