Ni(H2O)6SnCl6 ($I6_{1}$) Structure : A6B6CD_hR14_148_f_f_b_a

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : Cl6(H2O)6NiSn
AFLOW prototype label : A6B6CD_hR14_148_f_f_b_a
Strukturbericht designation : $I6_{1}$
Pearson symbol : hR14
Space group number : 148
Space group symbol : $R\bar{3}$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=A6B6CD_hR14_148_f_f_b_a
--params=
$a$,$c/a$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$


Other compounds with this structure

  • Ca(H2O)6SnF6, Co(H2O)6PtF6, Co(H2O)6SiF6, Co(NH3)6Co(CN)6, Fe(H2O)6SiF6, Mg(H2O)6SiF6, Mg(H2O)6SnF6, Mg(H2O)6TiF6, Mn(H2O)6SiF6, Ni(H2O)6SiF6, Zn(H2O)6SiF6, Zn(H2O)6SnF6, Zn(H2O)6TiF6, and Zn(H2O)6ZrF6

  • Ni(H2O)6SnCl6 is the prototype for a large class of molecular crystals with the form $MG6LR6, where $MG6 is a cation and $LR6 is an anion. (Hermann, 1937) gave this the Strukturbericht designation $I6_{1}$. (Gottfried, 1937) changed the $I$ designations to $J$, so this should have become $J61, but it was never referenced in any form in later volumes of Strukturbericht. Since $I6_{1}$ is the only designation for this structure in the literature, we use it rather than $J61.
  • The positions of the hydrogen atoms in the water molecules were not determined, so we only provide the positions of the oxygen atoms (labeled as H2O).

Rhombohedral primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & ~ \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}} \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac13 \, c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac13 \, c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & - \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}} \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac13 \, c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(1a\right) & \mbox{Sn} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(1b\right) & \mbox{Ni} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{3}-z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{3}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}y_{3}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-y_{3}+z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}x_{3}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{3}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-x_{3}+y_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{3}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{3}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-x_{3}+z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{3}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}y_{3}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(y_{3}-z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}x_{3}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{3}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & -y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{3}-y_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{3}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{3}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}z_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{3}+y_{3}+z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{Cl} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}-z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{4}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}y_{4}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-y_{4}+z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}x_{4}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{4}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{4}-\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{4}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(-x_{4}+z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{4}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}y_{4}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & -z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(y_{4}-z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}x_{4}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{4}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & -y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}x_{4}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}y_{4}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}z_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-\frac{1}{3}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}+z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(6f\right) & \mbox{H$_{2}$O} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • L. Pauling, On the crystal structure of nickel chlorostannate hexahydrate, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials 72, 482–492 (1930), doi:10.1524/zkri.1930.72.1.482.
  • C. Gottfried and F. Schossberger, eds., Strukturbericht Band III 1933–1935 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Found in

  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=A6B6CD_hR14_148_f_f_b_a --params=

Species:

Running:

Output: