Anhydrite (CaSO4, $H0_{1}$) Structure: AB4C_oC24_63_c_fg_c

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : CaSO4
AFLOW prototype label : AB4C_oC24_63_c_fg_c
Strukturbericht designation : $H0_{1}$
Pearson symbol : oC24
Space group number : 63
Space group symbol : $Cmcm$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=AB4C_oC24_63_c_fg_c
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$y_{1}$,$y_{2}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$


Other compounds with this structure

  • CdCrO4, MgCrO4, MgSO4, NaBF4, NaCrO4, NiSO4

  • (Hawthorne, 1975) give the structure in the Amma setting of space group #63. We have transformed this to the standard $Cmcm$ setting. The addition of water into the anhydrite crystal transforms it into gypsum.

Base-centered Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & -y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & -y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & -y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8g\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8g\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & \left(-x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8g\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8g\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • F. C. Hawthorne and R. B. Ferguson, Anhydrous sulphates. II. Refinement of the crystal structure of anhydrite, Can. Mineral. 13, 289–292 (1975).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=AB4C_oC24_63_c_fg_c --params=

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