CsSO3 ($K1_{2}$) Structure : AB3C_hP20_190_ac_i_f

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : CsO3S
AFLOW prototype label : AB3C_hP20_190_ac_i_f
Strukturbericht designation : $K1_{2}$
Pearson symbol : hP20
Space group number : 190
Space group symbol : $P\bar{6}2c$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=AB3C_hP20_190_ac_i_f
--params=
$a$,$c/a$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$


  • (Hägg, 1932) states that the space group might be $P6_{3}22$ #182 or $P\overline{6}2c$ #190. We follow (Downs, 2003) and use the latter. (Hägg, 1932) and (Downs, 2003) set the sulfur coordinate $z_{3} = 0.73$. As noted by (Hermann, 1937), this gives a very short S–S bond distance, on the order of 0.5\AA. We use the value suggested by (Hermann, 1937), $z_{3} = 0.63$, which gives the S2O6 group exactly the same shape it has in K2S2O6 [ Strukturbericht $K11$].

Hexagonal primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac{\sqrt3}2 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt3}2 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + 0 \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + 0 \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(2a\right) & \mbox{Cs I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(2a\right) & \mbox{Cs I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(2c\right) & \mbox{Cs II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}- \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(2c\right) & \mbox{Cs II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4f\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4f\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}- \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4f\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \frac{2}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}- \frac{1}{2\sqrt{3}}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4f\right) & \mbox{S} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & -y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}+\frac{1}{2}y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}y_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & -y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}+\frac{1}{2}y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}y_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}+\frac{1}{2}y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}y_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}x_{4}-y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}+\frac{1}{2}y_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}y_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(12i\right) & \mbox{O} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • G. Hägg, Die Kristallstruktur von Caesiumdithionat, Cs2S2O6, Z. Physik. Chem. B 18, 327–342 (1932), doi:10.1515/zpch-1932-1825.
  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Found in

  • R. T. Downs and M. Hall–Wallace, The American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database, Am. Mineral. 88, 247–250 (2003).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=AB3C_hP20_190_ac_i_f --params=

Species:

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