Pyrophyllite [AlSi2O5(OH), $S5_{6}$] Structure : AB5CD2_mC72_15_f_5f_f_2f

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : AlO5(OH)Si2
AFLOW prototype label : AB5CD2_mC72_15_f_5f_f_2f
Strukturbericht designation : $S5_{6}$
Pearson symbol : mC72
Space group number : 15
Space group symbol : $C2/c$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=AB5CD2_mC72_15_f_5f_f_2f
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$\beta$,$x_{1}$,$y_{1}$,$z_{1}$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$,$x_{6}$,$y_{6}$,$z_{6}$,$x_{7}$,$y_{7}$,$z_{7}$,$x_{8}$,$y_{8}$,$z_{8}$,$x_{9}$,$y_{9}$,$z_{9}$


Other compounds with this structure

  • Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 (talc)

  • This a double–layer version of the pyrophyllite structure. (Brindley, 1259) has shown that some samples have only one layer, with a corresponding reduction in the $c$ lattice vector. Both Brindley and (Lee, 1981) found pyrophyllite samples with space group $P\overline{1}$ #2.
  • Talc (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) is isostructural with pyrophyllite, with magnesium replacing aluminum on the ($8f$) site and the addition of another magnesium atom on the ($4a$) Wyckoff site.

Base-centered Monoclinic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + c \sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & \left(x_{1}-y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{1}+y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{1}a+z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Al} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \left(-x_{1}-y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{1}+y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{1}a - z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{1}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Al} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{1}+y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{1}-y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{1}a-z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{1}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Al} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \left(x_{1}+y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{1}-y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{1}a + z_{1}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Al} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & \left(x_{2}-y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{2}+y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{2}a+z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \left(-x_{2}-y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{2}+y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{2}a - z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & \left(-x_{2}+y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{2}-y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{2}a-z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \left(x_{2}+y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{2}-y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{2}a + z_{2}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & \left(x_{3}-y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{3}+y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{3}a+z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(-x_{3}-y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{3}+y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{3}a - z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & \left(-x_{3}+y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{3}-y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{3}a-z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(x_{3}+y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{3}-y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{3}a + z_{3}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{4}a+z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(-x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{4}a - z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & \left(-x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{4}a-z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(x_{4}+y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{4}-y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{4}a + z_{4}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & \left(x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{5}a+z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & \left(-x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{5}a - z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & \left(-x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{5}a-z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{5}a + z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O IV} \\ \mathbf{B}_{21} & = & \left(x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{6}a+z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O V} \\ \mathbf{B}_{22} & = & \left(-x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{6}a - z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O V} \\ \mathbf{B}_{23} & = & \left(-x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{6}a-z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O V} \\ \mathbf{B}_{24} & = & \left(x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{6}a + z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O V} \\ \mathbf{B}_{25} & = & \left(x_{7}-y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{7}+y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{7}a+z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{OH} \\ \mathbf{B}_{26} & = & \left(-x_{7}-y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{7}+y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{7}a - z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{OH} \\ \mathbf{B}_{27} & = & \left(-x_{7}+y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{7}-y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{7} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{7}a-z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{7}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{OH} \\ \mathbf{B}_{28} & = & \left(x_{7}+y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{7}-y_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{7}a + z_{7}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{7}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{7}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{OH} \\ \mathbf{B}_{29} & = & \left(x_{8}-y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{8}+y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{8}a+z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{8}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{30} & = & \left(-x_{8}-y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{8}+y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{8}a - z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{8}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{31} & = & \left(-x_{8}+y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{8}-y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{8} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{8}a-z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{8}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{32} & = & \left(x_{8}+y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{8}-y_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{8}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{8}a + z_{8}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{8}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{8}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{33} & = & \left(x_{9}-y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{9}+y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{9} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{9}a+z_{9}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{9}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{9}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{34} & = & \left(-x_{9}-y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{9}+y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{9}a - z_{9}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{9}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{9}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{35} & = & \left(-x_{9}+y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{9}-y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{9} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{9}a-z_{9}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{9}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{9}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{36} & = & \left(x_{9}+y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{9}-y_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{9}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{9}a + z_{9}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{9}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{9}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{Si II} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • J. W. Gruner, The Crystal Structures of Talc and Pyrophyllite, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials 88, 412–419 (1934), doi:10.1524/zkri.1934.88.1.412.
  • G. W. Brindley and R. Wardle, Monoclinic and triclinic forms of pyrophyllite and pyrophyllite anhydride, Am. Mineral. 55, 1259–1272 (1970).
  • J. H. Lee and S. Guggenheim, Single crystal X–ray refinement of pyrophyllite–1$Tc$, Am. Mineral. 66, 350–357 (1981).

Found in

  • C. Gottfried and F. Schossberger, eds., Strukturbericht Band III 1933–1935 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).
  • R. T. Downs and M. Hall–Wallace, The American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database, Am. Mineral. 88, 247–250 (2003).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=AB5CD2_mC72_15_f_5f_f_2f --params=

Species:

Running:

Output: