Titanite (CaTiSiO5, $S0_{6}$) Structure : AB5CD_mC32_15_e_e2f_e_b

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : CaO5SiTi
AFLOW prototype label : AB5CD_mC32_15_e_e2f_e_b
Strukturbericht designation : $S0_{6}$
Pearson symbol : mC32
Space group number : 15
Space group symbol : $C2/c$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=AB5CD_mC32_15_e_e2f_e_b
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$\beta$,$y_{2}$,$y_{3}$,$y_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$,$x_{6}$,$y_{6}$,$z_{6}$


  • We use the data from sample M28658 to construct our titanite cell.
  • (Hermann, 1937) places the titanium atoms at the ($4c$) Wyckoff position rather than the ($4b$) position favored by (Hawthorne, 1991). The biggest difference between the two structures is the distance between the silicon and titantium atoms, which is 3.81 Å in Hawthorne and a rather short 2 Å in Hermann. We therefore favor the Hawthorne structure, and, since it does not otherwise substantially change the results, we continue to use $S0_{6}$ to describe it.
  • (Hermann, 1937) also listed this as the $H5_{6}$ structure in the index.

Base-centered Monoclinic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} - \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & \frac12 \, a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac12 \, b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + c \sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{Ti} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{2}\left(a+c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{2}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4b\right) & \mbox{Ti} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & -y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{3}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Ca} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & -y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{3}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{1}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{1}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Si} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \frac{3}{4}c\cos\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \frac{3}{4}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4e\right) & \mbox{Si} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & \left(x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{5}a+z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(-x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{5}a - z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & \left(-x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{5}a-z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{5}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(x_{5}+y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{5}-y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{5}a + z_{5}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & \left(x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(x_{6}a+z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(-x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta - x_{6}a - z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & \left(-x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(-x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{6} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(-x_{6}a-z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{6}c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(x_{6}+y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(x_{6}-y_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}c\cos\beta +x_{6}a + z_{6}c\cos\beta\right) \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{6}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{6}\right)c\sin\beta \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8f\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • F. C. Hawthorne, L. A. Groat, M. Raudsepp, N. A. Ball, M. Kimata, F. D. Spike, R. Gaba, N. M. Halden, G. R. Lumpkin, R. C. Ewing, R. B. Greegor, F. W. Lytle, T. Scott Ercit, G. R. Rossman, F. J. Wicks, R. A. Ramik, B. L. Sherriff, M. E. Fleet, and C. McCammon, Alpha–decay damage in titanite, Am. Mineral. 76, 370–396 (1991).
  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=AB5CD_mC32_15_e_e2f_e_b --params=

Species:

Running:

Output: