$\gamma$–LiIO3 Structure : ABC3_oP20_33_a_a_3a

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : ILiO3
AFLOW prototype label : ABC3_oP20_33_a_a_3a
Strukturbericht designation : None
Pearson symbol : oP20
Space group number : 33
Space group symbol : $Pna2_{1}$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=ABC3_oP20_33_a_a_3a
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$x_{1}$,$y_{1}$,$z_{1}$,$x_{2}$,$y_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$y_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$,$x_{5}$,$y_{5}$,$z_{5}$


  • LiIO3 is known to exist in three forms:
    • $\alpha$–LiIO3, stable below 473 K: (Zachariasen, 1931) originally determined that the structure of $\alpha$–LiIO3 was in space group $P6_{3}22$ #182, which (Hermann, 1937) designated Strukturbericht $E2_{3}$. (Rosenzweig, 1966) subsequently determined that the true structure was in space group $P6_{3}$ #173.
    • $\beta$–LiIO3, stable from 573 K up to the melting point at 708 K.
    • $\gamma$–LiIO3, stable between the $\alpha$– and $\beta$–phases. Here we show the structure at 515 K.
  • Space group $Pna2_{1}$ #33 allows an arbitary choice of the zero of the $z$–axis. Here we set $z_{1} = 0$ for iodine.

Simple Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & -x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{1}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{1}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Li} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{2}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Li} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Li} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{2}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{Li} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{3}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{3}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & -x_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{5}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{5}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{5} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{5}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{5}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{5}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{5}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4a\right) & \mbox{O III} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • R. Liminga, C. Svensson, J. Albertsson, and S. C. Abrahams, Gamma–lithium iodate structure at 515 K and the $\alpha$–LiIO3 to $\gamma$–LiIO3, $\gamma$–LiIO3 to $\beta$–LiIO3 phase transitions, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 4222–4226 (1982), doi:10.1063/1.444332.
  • W. H. Zachariasen and F. A. Barta, Crystal Structure of Lithium Iodate, Phys. Rev. 37, 1626–1630 (1931), doi:10.1103/PhysRev.37.1626.
  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).
  • A. Rosenzweig and B. Morosin, A reinvestigation of the crystal structure of LiIO3, Acta Cryst. 20, 758–761 (1966), doi:10.1107/S0365110X66001804.

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=ABC3_oP20_33_a_a_3a --params=

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