NH4NO3 III ($G0_{10}$) Structure : ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd

Picture of Structure; Click for Big Picture
Prototype : N(NH4)O3
AFLOW prototype label : ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd
Strukturbericht designation : $G0_{10}$
Pearson symbol : oP20
Space group number : 62
Space group symbol : $Pnma$
AFLOW prototype command : aflow --proto=ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd
--params=
$a$,$b/a$,$c/a$,$x_{1}$,$z_{1}$,$x_{2}$,$z_{2}$,$x_{3}$,$z_{3}$,$x_{4}$,$y_{4}$,$z_{4}$


  • Ammonium Nitrate exists in a variety of forms, (Hermann, 1937) depending on the temperature: \[\begin{array}{ccccc} \text{ Phase } & \text{ Temperature ${^\circ}$C } & \text{ Strukturbericht } & \text{ Page } \\ \text{ I } &\text{ 125 $--$ 170 } &\text{ $G0_{8}$ } &\href{./AB_cP2_221_a_b.NH4.NO3.html}{\text{AB_cP2_221_a_b.NH4.NO3}} &\text{ } \\ \text{ II } &\text{ 84 $--$ 125 } &\text{ $G0_{9}$ } &\href{./ABC3_tP10_100_b_a_bc.html}{\text{ABC3_tP10_100_b_a_bc}} &\text{ } \\ \text{ III } &\text{ 32 $--$ 84 } &\text{ $G0_{10}$ } &\href{./ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd.N.NH4.O.html}{\text{ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd.N.NH4.O}} &\text{ (this structure) } \\ \text{ IV } &\text{ -17 $--$ 32 } &\text{ $G0_{11}$ } &\href{./A4B2C3_oP18_59_ef_ab_af.html}{\text{A4B2C3_oP18_59_ef_ab_af}} &\text{ } \\ \text{ V } &\text{ $< -17$ } &\text{ Gwihabaite } &\href{./A4B2C3_tP72_77_8d_ab2c2d_6d.html}{\text{A4B2C3_tP72_77_8d_ab2c2d_6d2}} &\text{ }\end{array}\]
  • Data for this structure was taken at 46°C.
  • It is likely that the NH4 ions are free to rotate (Kracek, 1937).
  • The positions of the hydrogen atoms in the NH4 ions were not determined, so we only provide the positions of the nitrogen atoms (labeled as NH4).
  • (Goodwin, 1947) gave the structure in the $Pbnm$ setting of space group #62. We used FINDSYM to change this to the standard $Pnma$ setting.

Simple Orthorhombic primitive vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{a}_1 & = & a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} \\ \mathbf{a}_2 & = & b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} \\ \mathbf{a}_3 & = & c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} \\ \end{array} \]

Basis vectors:

\[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} & & \mbox{Lattice Coordinates} & & \mbox{Cartesian Coordinates} &\mbox{Wyckoff Position} & \mbox{Atom Type} \\ \mathbf{B}_{1} & = & x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{N} \\ \mathbf{B}_{2} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{N} \\ \mathbf{B}_{3} & = & -x_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{1} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{1}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{1}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{N} \\ \mathbf{B}_{4} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{1}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{1}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{1}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{N} \\ \mathbf{B}_{5} & = & x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{NH$_{4}$} \\ \mathbf{B}_{6} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{NH$_{4}$} \\ \mathbf{B}_{7} & = & -x_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{2} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{2}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{2}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{NH$_{4}$} \\ \mathbf{B}_{8} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{2}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{2}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{2}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{NH$_{4}$} \\ \mathbf{B}_{9} & = & x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{10} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{11} & = & -x_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{3}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{3} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{3}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{3}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{3}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{12} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \frac{1}{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{3}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{3}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \frac{1}{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{3}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(4c\right) & \mbox{O I} \\ \mathbf{B}_{13} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{14} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{15} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{16} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{17} & = & -x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1}-y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2}-z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & -x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}}-y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}}-z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{18} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + y_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} +x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + y_{4}b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{19} & = & x_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} - y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + z_{4} \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & x_{4}a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2}-y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + z_{4}c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \mathbf{B}_{20} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2} - x_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{1} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{2} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right) \, \mathbf{a}_{3} & = & \left(\frac{1}{2}-x_{4}\right)a \, \mathbf{\hat{x}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +y_{4}\right)b \, \mathbf{\hat{y}} + \left(\frac{1}{2} +z_{4}\right)c \, \mathbf{\hat{z}} & \left(8d\right) & \mbox{O II} \\ \end{array} \]

References

  • T. H. Goodwin and J. Whetstone, The crystal structure of ammonium nitrate III, and atomic scattering factors in ionic crystals, J. Chem. Soc. 1455–1461 (1947), doi:10.1039/JR9470001455.
  • C. Hermann, O. Lohrmann, and H. Philipp, eds., Strukturbericht Band II 1928–1932 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H., Leipzig, 1937).
  • F. C. Kracek, S. B. Hendricks, and E. Posnjak, Group Rotation in Solid Ammonium and Calcium Nitrates, Nature 128, 410–411 (1931), doi:10.1038/128410b0.

Geometry files


Prototype Generator

aflow --proto=ABC3_oP20_62_c_c_cd --params=

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